C. 1100-1200 C. 1225-1325 Gettra of House Bjornaer assumes the identities of many magi, for unknown reasons. She flees when discovered and has yet to face Hermetic justice. [HoH] The period of Gettraâ€™s impersonation is difficult to research, and may be significantly shorter.
1151 1290 Rhine Tribunal of 1290: Durenmar fined ten pawns of vis to every other covenant in the Tribunal for plundering faerie sites of the Black Forest for vis, thereby making the Black Forest a hazard for magi, and restricted from taking further vis from faerie sites for fourteen years unless a peace was made with the fae. [WGRE]
Magi Anaxagoras of Tremere, Ulisterius of Jerbiton, and Forba of Bonisagus are granted a charter to form a covenant, Triamore, attached to the court of Emperor Conrad III. [Triamore]
1172 1311 Rhine: The lands of Triamore covenant raided by mortal lords fighting over mortal issues. [Triamore]
1180 1319 Rhine: Maga Alicia de Pahn Ex Miscellanea expelled from her covenant for consorting with mortals and bearing a child, in contravention of her covenantâ€™s rules. [MND]
C. 1180-1200 C. 1340-1360 Rhine: The Bishop of Stettin requests aid of the Order against wizards of the Order of Odin, aiding local pagans. A covenant of a dozen magi is founded (name unknown), but fails within two years due to disagreement between magi Ignibus Impervious of Flambeau and Wilhelm of Tytalus. The covenant site is abandoned, and later becomes quarters for hedge wizards. These squatters are eventually killed in a pitched batte. [ME] The account of these events is very sketchy.
1186 1325 Rhine Tribunal of 1325: Magus Antonio Manecis is accused of summoning a demon and negotiating with it; the Magus claims he had done so to protect his covenant, and that the agreement was to assure the safety of the covenant so long as they did not interfere in its plots against mortals; convicted and Marched. [WGRE] The Tribunal notes that the Magusâ€™ intentions were worthy.
1190 1329 Rhine: At Triamore covenant, the apprentice Pietre is found to have scried upon Maga Daria of Tremere. The boy flees before being punished. Pietre is expelled from the tutelage of his master, Aline of Bonisagus. [Triamore]
1190 1329 Rhine: A fire at Triamore kills Forba of Bonisagus. Not long after, the covenant is besieged by the army of Henry of Brabant, a mortal lord who wishes the covenantâ€™s land and castle. The siege is broken through intervention of the new Emperor, Henry IV. [Triamore]
1198 1337 Magus Caritopulus of Flambeau issues a call to destroy hedge wizards across Europe to prevent them from gaining power and destroying the Order. His call is widely ignored, as he is considered easily alarmed. [OoH]
1205 1344 Thebes: Hoplitic Pact of Byzantium formed in the wake of the sack of Constantinople, allying House Jerbiton with the Order of Geonim to defend Jewish Quarters from mortal destruction. [Kabbalah]
1206-1280 1345-1419 Rhine: Lifetime of St. Albertus Magnus, philosopher and possible mage. Teacher of St. Thomas Aquinas, authority, lecturer, wise man, preacher, and papal legate. [History, Legend]
1212 1351 Rhine: Magus Carolus of Jerbiton visits Crintera, Domus Magna of Bjornaer. While there, his familiar is blinded by Maga Caprea of Bjornaer when it enters the covenant library. [MBRE]
1213 1352 Maga Murion of Bonisagus elevated to Prima of her House. [HoH]
1214 1353 Novgorod Tribunal of 1353: A delegation of shamans & shapechangers arrives at the Novgorod Tribunal seeking alliance with the Order. The issue is discussed at length, but the matter of bringing it up to the Grand Tribunal is tabled. In the meanwhile, the visitors are told to join House Ex Miscellanea. [Shamans]
After the Tribunal, three magi, Signum Irruptus of Criamon, Theoderich of Jerbiton, and Pancrestis of Bonisagus, decide to establish a covenant in Denmark, on the island of Zealand, in the ruins of Lethra town, which they name Heorot covenant, after the Hall of King Beowulf. [UT] The magi of Heorot did not seek any permission to colonize, which may yet cause them difficulty, as Denmark lies within Ultima Thule, which is ceded to Novgorod Tribunal. That Tribunal is ever fearful of Rhine magi expanding into their territories.
1214-1294 1353-1433 Life of Roger Bacon, monk, inventor, and reputed magician. He is said to have the advice of a bronze head, which may or may not be the one that advised Pope Sylvester II. [History, Legend] He is also said to have constructed the bronze head, as are Vergil and Sylvester II.
1220 1359 Rhine: Magus Sicero of Tremere joins Triamore covenant. [Triamore]
1220 1359 The German king Frederick is crowned Holy Roman Emperor after promising to undertake a new Crusade. The Emperor is quickly embroiled in restoring order in Sicily. [History]
1220 1359 The hedge wizard Michael Scot becomes court magician for Emperor Frederick II. [HM]
1222 1361 Transylvania: Tremere conference of 1361 at Coeris.
C. 1223 and later C. 1362 and later Provencal: Refugees from the Albigensian Crusade, including magi of Bellaquin, find haven at Mistridge covenant. The population of Mistridge triples, and the council of Mistridge increases from four to twelve. The covenant becomes an important center of resistance to the Crusaders.
Mistridge is eventually cautioned by the Tribunal against becoming overly involved in mortal concerns. [Mistridge] The tale of Mistridge gives an important caution against magi who think to oppose the Crusaders of the Church.
1224 1363 Rome: Emperor Frederick II offers patronage to the covenant of Literatus. [Rome] This emperor is noted for his learning and patronage of the wise.
1224 1363 Rome: Filii of Literatus found a new covenant in Naples. [Rome] Naples covenant may have been founded with the Emperorâ€™s aid; the issue is not clear.
1226 1365 Rome: Other covenants in Rome seek to undermine the alliance of Literatus and the Emperor. [Rome]
1227 1366 Tribunals of the year 1367 held in 1366, to prepare for the Grand Tribunal of the next year. Presumably the Stonehenge Tribunal, late one year since 1341, will synchronize with the Order. [WGRE]
1227 1366 Sixth Crusade: Emperor Frederick II embarks on crusade, seven years after promising it. His army is stricken with fever and delayed; Frederick is, after 20 days delay, excommunicated for malingering. [History]
1228 1367 Grand Tribunal of 1367: No rulings noted.
1228 1367 Pope Gregory IX invades the Emperorâ€™s lands. [History]
1228 1367 The Sixth Crusade finally departs under the Emperorâ€™s command. It lands in Egypt with little opposition. [History]
1229 1368 The Sixth Crusade secures Jerusalem, Bethlehem, and Nazareth, and a corridor of land, all in six months. [History]
1229 1368 The Emperor returns and quickly drives out his foes. [History]
1230 1369 The Pope and Emperor reconciled; the Emperor is absolved. [History]
C. 1231 C. 1370 Papal Bull Excommunicamus forms the Inquisition to root out heresy. They focus initially on the Albigensian movement, under the guidance of the Dominicans. [History]
1232 1371 Transylvania: Tremere conference of 1371 at Coeris.
1235 1374 Rome: Verdi Competition of 1374.
1237 1376 Novgorod: The Knights of the Sword subordinated to the Teutonic Knights. This is intended to resolve lingering problems of obedience by the Knights of the Sword. The Teutonic Knights descend hereafter into brutality and barbarism. [History] Indicating deep corruption among the Crusaders by this point.
1237 1376 The Mongol Horde returns and conquers much of eastern Europe. In the midst of this, the Teutonic Knights wage war on the Russians, who are caught between two invading armies. [History]
1238-1311 1377-1450 Life of Arnold of Villanova, physician and alchemist. [History, Legend]
1239 1378 Emperor Frederick II excommunicated for the second time. The Pope calls him a heretic, rake, and the Anti-Christ. [History]
1240 1379 Rome: Magi of Literatus covenant help Frederick II capture hundreds of clergy. A special Tribunal disbands the covenant later in this year. [Rome]
1241 1380 Novgorod: County of Leczyca raided by Mongols, effect on Leczyca covenant unclear. [History, DatB]
1241 1380 Novgorod: The Mongols devastate the nobility of eastern Europe at the Battle of Liegnitz. They withdraw later in the year, as mysteriously as they had come, but keep control over Russia. [History]
1242 1381 Transylvania: Tremere conference of 1381 at Coeris.
1243 1382 Rhine: Famine sweeps Germany, spurred by a plague of rats. [History]
1245 1384 Emperor Frederick II deposed by order of the Pope. Civil war breaks out across Germany. [History]
1246 1385 Provencal: Mistridge covenant destroyed after an extended siege. The survivors flee deeper into the Pyrenees and refound the covenant with a new council, the senior magi all having Passed, died, or vanished. [Mistridge] The fate of Magus Grimgroth is the most mysterious; after leading his covenfolk out of danger, he rode to nearby Mount Tierne, and vanished on its slopes.
1247 1386 Rome: Some magi of this tribunal move against demons afflicting the court of Emperor Frederick II. [Rome] Whether the Emperor himself is influenced by demons is hotly disputed.
1248 1387 A new Cathedral is begun in Cologne to more greatly honor the Relics of the Three Magi. Their reliquary has become a great pilgrimage site, and the old cathedral is considered inadequate. [History] This new cathedral remains unfinished at the date of this History.
1248 (May 22) 1387 (II Gem) A total eclipse of the sun progresses across Europe, beginning in Hibernia and crossing to Levant in the space of four hours, ending over Jerusalem. [History] Effect hotly debated and highly anticipated.
1250 1389 Emperor Frederick II dies. [History]
1252 1391 Transylvania: Tremere conference of 1391 at Coeris.
1253 1392 Rome: Verdi Competition of 1392.
1254 1393 The Great Interregnum. The Imperial Throne remains empty from the death of Conrad IV to the reign of Rudolph, nineteen years later. [History]
C. 1258 C. 1397 Germany and Italy afflicted by crop failure, famine, and disease. These disasters are thought to be Divine punishment for widespread sin. This in turn gives rise to the flagellant movement, whose members live in strict discipline, wear uniforms, and conduct public and private self flagellation to atone for the sins that have offended God. [History]
1261 1400 Grand Tribunal of 1400: No rulings noted.
1262 1401 Transylvania: Tremere conference of 1401 at Coeris.
1271 1410 Rome: Verdi Competition of 1410.
1272 1411 Transylvania: Tremere conference of 1411 at Coeris.
1273 1412 The Great Interregnum ends after nineteen years with the election of Rudolf I. [History]
1282 1421 Transylvania: Tremere conference of 1421 at Coeris.
1284 1423 Rhine: A strange piper leads away the rats of Hamelin using the magical music of his pipe. After the people of that town refuse his fee, he leads away their children. [History, Legend] Whether he was Demon, Faerie, or Hedge Wizard, we know not.
1289 1428 Rome: Verdi Competition of 1428.
1292 1431 Transylvania: Tremere conference of 1431 at Coeris.
1294 1433 Grand Tribunal of 1433: The Roman and Provencal Tribunals clash over issues of cross-tribunal interference and meddling in mortal affairs. [Rome]
1302 1441 Transylvania: Tremere conference of 1441 at Coeris.
1307 1446 Rome: Verdi Competition of 1446.
1307-1314 1446-1453 The Knights Templar are accused of heresy and idolatry, discredited, tried, and the leaders of the order executed. The surviving Templars are spread through other Crusading orders and the lands of the Templars seized by local mortal authorities. [History] It seems that the kings to whom the Templars loaned money did not wish to pay it back.
1309 1448 Papal seat removed to Avignon. [History]
1312 1451 Transylvania: Tremere conference of 1451 at Coeris.
1315 1454 A three year famine strikes western Europe. [History]
1320 1459 Pope John XXII issues Bull Super Illius Specula, condemning ritual magic as diabolism and heresy. [History]
1322 1461 Transylvania: Tremere conference of 1461 at Coeris.
1325 1464 Rome: Verdi Competition of 1464.
1327 1466 Grand Tribunal of 1466: No rulings noted.
1327 1466 Rhine: A great fire burns much of Munich. [History]
1332 1471 Transylvania: Tremere conference of 1471 at Coeris.